Human papilloma is the result of human papilloma virus infection. After adulthood, most people can find human papillomavirus (HPV). It is inactive. However, under the influence of susceptibility factors, due to skin damage, HPV is activated and typical papillary hyperplasia appears. Many of them are not dangerous, just surface defects. However, it is important to determine why papillomas appear on the body and whether they are related to the oncology process.
Some HPV strains can cause malignant tissue proliferation. Due to the risk of tumor growth, no matter what the cause of the papilloma in the body, the treatment is mainly carried out by surgical methods. If skin growth occurs, you must first consult a dermatologist. If a tumor is found in the genital area, please visit a STD specialist. Experts can accurately determine what causes the papilloma on the body and mucous membranes, determine the HPV strain and determine the risk of cancer.
Papilloma can appear on the body
Externally, papilloma resembles keratin and extends outward to the upper layer of the skin. Tumors usually have thinner stems. Papillomas on the body can be single or clustered. They look like mushrooms. Their color is only slightly different from healthy skin. Human papilloma is usually different from the papilloma in the photo. In order to at least roughly understand whether to see a doctor, there are many tumor images on the Internet worth studying. From the photos, you can see how the papilloma looks on the body, and-for example, moles or melanomas. But only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis.
Common types of human papilloma:
- Simple or vulgar-they look like round nodules, most often appear on the hands, distributed in groups, mainly found in childhood;
- Flat or young-slightly raised papules have a smooth surface and appear on the skin or mucous membranes of the limbs;
- Plantar-looks like dense nodules, covered with keratinized crusty skin, which can cause pain when walking;
- Filament-a small, longitudinal, flesh-colored growth that often appears on the neck skin and face in old age, and may be damaged and inflamed during hygiene procedures;
- Genital warts-this type of warts is the most dangerous because it is caused by HPV strains with high carcinogenic risk. The outward tumors resemble the accumulation of cauliflower. They appear in the perineum, male and female genitals, andWill affect the bladder and cervix.
Common causes of papilloma in the body
The following factors can cause the growth of papillary tumors:
- The private life of promiscuity;
- Acute and chronic genitourinary system infections, genital warts on the perineum and skin;
- Hormonal imbalance;
- Strongly weakened immunity;
- Continuous trauma to the skin and mucous membranes.
In most cases, people with papilloma on their body have chronic papilloma infection. For a long time, this virus has not been discovered. After the immunity is reduced, HPV is activated. Severe infectious diseases, previous surgery, radiation therapy, work under adverse conditions, constant stress, intense physical and mental emotional stress, and low-quality diet with low vitamin and mineral content may weaken immune defenses.
The cause of papilloma in women is usually related to changes in hormones during menopause or pregnancy. The fluctuation of sex hormone ratio creates favorable conditions for HPV's active reproduction and tissue proliferation. Women with genital warts are at risk. The disease is spread mainly through close contact with genital warts carriers.
Cervical cancer and human papillary cancer
When papilloma appears on the body, a comprehensive diagnosis is necessary to identify possible concomitant urogenital infections. HPV can cause endocervical hyperplasia. If a woman does not undergo preventive examinations for a long time, she will not find papillomas on her genitals and may miss the growth of malignant tumors.
If papilloma is found on the body, the following examinations are recommended:
- Use the PCR diagnostic program to type the virus;
- Draw a swab from the man’s cervix and foreskin;
- Immunological analysis;
- Blood test for sexually transmitted infections;
- Biopsy, cytology and histology.
A comprehensive examination method allows us to assess all possible risks of the disease and understand how to treat papilloma in the body in order to completely remove the tumor and prevent its future recurrence.
Important! HPV has almost no symptoms. The tumor does not appear for a long time. Small products on the skin will not cause discomfort, but if injured, they will become inflamed and become malignant.
However, even a common papilloma can be dangerous if it is frequently injured and exposed to ultraviolet light. These tumors must be removed in time to prevent tissue magnetization under the influence of age-related changes and adverse environmental factors.
How does the papilloma virus spread
The main way HPV spreads is through intimate relationships, including oral and anal contact. Usually, among people who have a close relationship with different partners, papillomavirus is diagnosed as an acute and chronic sexually transmitted infection.
However, papillomavirus can enter the human body through close family contact, damaged skin and mucous membranes. Newborn babies may be infected from their mothers who are carriers of genital warts, which is a form of human papillomavirus infection. Children get infected when they pass through a woman's birth canal. HPV affects the skin and mucous membranes, leading to the appearance of common warts, papillomas and genital warts.
The strength of the immune system plays an important role in the development of HPV. The weaker the immune system, the higher the risk of a person being infected with HPV. People with diabetes, hormonal imbalances, frailty, pregnant women and children, and people with chronic urogenital infections are especially vulnerable.
Principles of treatment of human papilloma
Drug treatment includes the appointment of antiviral drugs that inhibit the active reproduction of HPV. However, before or after minimally invasive removal of papilloma, such funds are often used as part of complex treatments. Special antiviral drugs slow down the reproduction of papillomavirus and greatly reduce the risk of recurrence of the disease in the future.
The earlier the treatment starts, the lower the risk of tissue malignancy. The ideal treatment time is the first few months after the tumor appears. The treatment process also includes the intake of immunostimulants to support the activity of the immune system and prevent frequent attacks of disease. The recurrence process of human papillomavirus infection may be accompanied by the formation of papilloma, not only on the body, but also on the genitals, urinary organs and oral mucosa. For people who have experienced complicated surgical interventions, long-term infectious diseases, and hormonal imbalances, the course of this disease is very typical.
Surgery to remove human papilloma
Surgical treatment of papilloma is the classic choice most suitable for most patients. After checking and obtaining diagnostic data, the doctor chose an appropriate method to remove the tumor.
The main indications for removing papilloma from the body:
- The growth of papilloma is active;
- Tumors that appear in places that are often destroyed and inflamed;
- The chronic course of human papillomavirus infection, which worsens regularly;
- High carcinogenic risk, prone to malignant tumors;
- The sore appearance of the papilloma area, changes in the color and shape of the tumor.
Experts will adopt expected strategies when papilloma develops during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Usually, the growth of papilloma will disappear on its own right after delivery and female hormone recovery.
Method of removing papilloma in the body
By using minimally invasive methods to remove papilloma from the body, you can get rid of the neoplasms almost without bleeding, thereby preserving most of the healthy skin. If there is no risk of tissue malignancy, the following surgical methods can be used:
- Radio wave therapy (remove condyloma acuminata with a radio knife);
- Cryoablation (combustion of warts with cryogenic liquid nitrogen);
- Laser coagulation (using laser to vaporize pathological tumors);
- Electrocoagulation (application of high-frequency current).
Classic surgical resection with scalpel can be used for large tissue damage and severe papillomatosis. However, if possible, experts will give preference to minimally invasive treatments. In most cases, lasers are used to remove papillomas in the body. This method is characterized by minimal damage and will not leave scars and spots on the skin. Laser has an anti-inflammatory effect and can be used for minimally invasive surgery to minimize the risk of secondary infection.
Radio wave equipment can also be used, which can remove tumors without contact under local anesthesia. Under the action of high-frequency radio waves, the structure of the tumor is destroyed, the pathological tissue evaporates, and they coagulate-a kind of "sealing" that can prevent bleeding from the wound.
Cryotherapy is common for papilloma. The technology is based on the use of liquid nitrogen. The liquid nitrogen freezes all layers of the tumor, and then the papilloma disappears and disappears within a few months, with only an invisible small spot. Electrocoagulation is used to remove a single papilloma. With the help of a coagulator ring, the doctor can remove the leg of the papilloma, burn its roots and seal the tissue to prevent bleeding.
The surgical method to eliminate genital warts and warts is only used in medical institutions. To prevent the recurrence of papilloma, antiviral therapy is prescribed. In addition, it is recommended that people with papilloma see a specialist and get checked up regularly. Women whose papilloma has been removed, especially in the genital area, should undergo smears and other laboratory tests 2-3 times a year.