According to data from the World Health Organization, one in five people in the world is a carrier of the papillomavirus (HPV), which has more than 100 strains. Small structures or papillomas on the skin or mucous membranes are benign tumors.
There are several types of skin growth:
- Flat warts;
- Vulgar warts;
- Condyloma acuminata;
- acrochords (filamentous warts);
- Papilloma of the bladder and urethra;
- Papillomatosis of the ear, nose and throat organs.
Papillomavirus infection occurs through contact with an infected person. The first is the infection of abrasions, cuts, and scratches on the skin. HPV will be activated as immunity decreases.
Since papilloma is likely to degenerate into a malignant tumor, doctors recommend removing skin hyperplasia. The most common, painless and safest method is laser removal of papilloma. Many medical centers and clinics in our country provide this procedure.
Papillomavirus is characterized by the appearance of multiple tumors on the skin (most commonly on the neck, face, hands, and shoulders). In this regard, most HPV carriers experience psychological discomfort, so growth will be removed for aesthetic reasons.
However, doctors recommend removing skin hyperplasia for many reasons. Papilloma can be removed in the following cases:
- Pain and discomfort in the tumor area (itching, burning);
- Changes in the color and size of the deposits;
If papillomas are exposed to external influences (such as ultraviolet rays, trauma, friction), when they form in problem areas (such as armpits, chest, etc. ), it is recommended to remove the papilloma.
Although the procedure is safe, there are still many contraindications.
You cannot use laser to remove papilloma under the following conditions:
- Holding the baby. In rare cases, if there are indications for pregnant women, the tumor will be removed. This happened when she was diagnosed with genital warts. This allows you to protect the baby from infection.
- breast-feeding. During female breastfeeding, hormone levels will change, which may be the cause of long-term wound healing.
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or a viral disease (HIV) that affects the immune system. In this case, the risk of infection spreading and slow healing of the wound surface is high.
- epilepsy. This procedure may cause seizures. If you start to attack during training, it may damage the healthy epidermis.
- A low concentration of platelets threatens bleeding, which will be difficult to stop.
- Cancer tumors.
Lasers should not be used for colds, herpes outbreaks in the papilloma area, diabetes, and after recent exposure to ultraviolet light (skin sunburn).
In any case, the doctor can make the final decision. Depending on the type of papilloma, you cannot perform surgery without first consulting a dermatologist, gynecologist, and other specialist doctors.
Laser removal is the safest, minimally invasive and painless technique to remove skin tumors. The following facts have confirmed its effectiveness:
- There is no bleeding or edema, because the laser glues blood vessels together without damaging the healthy areas of the skin;
- Wounds heal quickly without scars: After 5-7 days, there will be no traces left on the skin (especially important if the skin grows on the face, eyes, and neck), and long-term rehabilitation is not required;
- Eliminate wound infection, because the laser does not come into contact with the skin, ensuring sterility and bactericidal effect;
- Session duration is short: on average, the process does not exceed 10 minutes, there are multiple formations-slightly longer;
- Lack of anesthesia: the patient feels a slight, almost painless tingling sensation;
- One time: One time is enough to remove the papilloma virus;
- Control of penetration depth: It varies according to the type of accumulation.
There is no age limit for this program and it provides quick and comfortable recovery.
One of the disadvantages of this technology is that the removed formation cannot be studied, and the operating cost is relatively high. Therefore, doctors recommend analyzing tumor markers before laser removal of papilloma to ensure that the existing growth is benign.
The correct preparation of laser papilloma resection can ensure no complications, maximum efficiency and effectiveness.
The following doctor’s recommendations must be strictly followed two weeks before the operation:
- Don't go to the solarium;
- Avoid exposure to ultraviolet rays: do not sunbathe when you go out, use sunscreen to lubricate the area you plan to use laser irradiation;
- Don't do peeling and other beauty procedures;
- Limit contact with cleaning agents.
Before surgery to remove papilloma with laser, a number of medical examinations are required:
- General blood analysis;
- Research on HIV infection, hepatitis, and PED (syphilis diagnosis);
- Skin tumor tissue biopsy to confirm its nature (benign/malignant).
If necessary, the doctor can refer you to an oncologist for consultation and prescribe additional studies.
Laser resection is a minimally invasive surgery, so it is performed in an outpatient clinic (in a polyclinic).
To perform such operations, doctors use carbon dioxide, holmium, or infrared lasers and generate simple or pulsed (fractional) beams. To remove papilloma in enclosed areas of the body (groin, perineum, armpits, etc. ), simple radiation is used. On the face, neck, eyelids, arms, chest-part, does not affect the deep layers of the epidermis, so the maximum cosmetic effect (no scars) is guaranteed.
- Before the operation, the doctor will apply a mild analgesic cream on the tumor.
- The device then directs the laser beam to the epidermis.
- Part of the carbon dioxide seals the blood vessels. It happens as follows: The cells that make up the papilloma are 75% water. Under the influence of the laser, the water in the cells evaporates, harmful cells are destroyed, and all layers of HPV are gradually removed. In addition, the treatment area is automatically disinfected to prevent bleeding and complications, and skin regeneration.
- At the end of the treatment, the doctor will use a sterile bandage or antiseptic patch to let the patient go home.
The duration of the treatment course is very short, depending on the complexity, size and area of the affected area of the tumor. It lasts 10 to 40 minutes. Complicated situations need to repeat the procedure repeatedly. In this case, there should be at least two weeks between operations.
One of the advantages of laser papilloma removal is that the wound heals quickly. The recovery period will not exceed one week. The main condition for early rehabilitation is to eliminate part of the friction and irritation in the area where carbon dioxide affects the skin.
Expert advice will help avoid complications and speed up the healing process:
- Use the external medicine prescribed by the attending physician for treatment;
- Do not wet the affected skin area within 2-3 days;
- Avoid exposure to the sun, and do not sunbathe within a month (it is best to do it in the cold season, when the sun is not active);
- Don't get too cold
- Refuse to go to sauna, swimming pool, bathroom for at least 2 weeks;
- Do not peel off the shell formed at the removal site, it will fall off by itself within a week.
Improper or lack of care can cause wound infections, which may leave scars and scars.
Laser removal of papilloma is a modern minimally invasive surgical method that guarantees good results and rapid recovery in 98% of cases. To avoid the 2% risk, you only need to trust qualified experts who are licensed to perform such procedures and positive customer reviews.
It should be understood that clinics that specialize in laser removal of benign skin lesions provide expensive services. After all, this manipulation is quite complicated. Its price depends on the size, number of papilloma, HPV lesion area, and will increase in the late stage of papilloma virus.
Seeking a doctor in time is a guarantee of good health, and 100% get rid of infection without serious consequences.