Papilloma virus: types, causes, characteristics, diagnosis and treatment

Papilloma is a papillary growth on the skin or mucous membranes of women and men. Malignant neoplasms are mostly benign, but some strains cause the growth of tumors. If you want to, you can see the gallery papillomas of women and men, to compare the appearance of a cancer with those like growths on the face and on the body.

Color papillomatous education can be physical, red, brown. Genital condyloma often have a brown hue and the kind of crest of cock.

Many people know how to look on the papilloma virus, but are ashamed or do not feel it is necessary to consult specialists. Often papillomatous statement appear on the genitalia. The need to address the venereal disease scare a lot. With this and due after the start of treatment of the warts in women and men.


Malignancy viral warts can be, especially if you are on the genital mucous membrane. Even if the type of papillomas and the photo does not coincide with the tumors, you must still turn to professionals for an accurate diagnosis.

The types of papillomas

Papilloma virus can be of the following types:

  • ordinary or warts vulgar;
  • the filiform;
  • plate;
  • genital warts;
  • plantar warts;
  • juvenile warts.

The exact type of warts can only install to the doctor. It is advisable to turn to professionals during the detection of the characteristic bumps on the skin and on mucous tissues.

The ordinary papilloma

The ordinary papilloma virus called warts vulgar. This type of neoplasms is widely spread among the young and middle-aged. Very often these tumors appear on the fingers of the hands. Promote the growth of ordinary papillomas and lesions of the skin, the development of fungal diseases and constant contact with aggressive media.

Common papilloma

Warts vulgar are of small size, that rise above the skin. Neoplasms usually flesh-colored. The warts do not pose a threat to the health, if they are not damaged during the hygiene activities, during the execution of the tasks at home. Strong growth of the papillomas is the indication for their removal.

Filiform papilloma

Filiform papilloma is a neoplasm on a thin stem, which resemble the poles tight. Appear these growths under the armpits, on the neck, under the breasts and on the face.

In the case of damage to the filiform papilloma virus flare up, maybe the emergence of short-term bleeding. Color neoplasms naked. The experts recommend to remove filiform warts with laser or cryoablation, especially if the skin cytoplasmic tends to the active growth and damage.

Flat papilloma

Flat papilloma is a classic, warts slightly yellow in color, that appear on the face, the skin of the body and stop. Can grow on a background of frequent damage, tend to get inflamed and cause itching.

Flat papilloma

Due to the uncomfortable sensations dish papilloma it is recommended to remove surgically, while tumors are small in size. Large growths on the skin must excise with a scalpel.

Genital warts

A favorite place of localization of genital warts — genital area of the groin. Genital warts appear after sexual relations are not protected. The distinctive feature of malignancies is the active growth. Small sexual papilloma prone to melting and the formation of phases, which have vague contours and irregular surface. Great genital warts often damaged, causing an attack of a secondary infection.

Important! Anogenital warts are not to be neglected. Some strains of HPV cause hyperplasia of the genital mucous membrane, can cause the growth of malignant tumors.

For the removal of warts warts it is best to the laser, which layer vaporizes the abnormal cells, leaving a scar of deformation and do not disturb the functionality of the nearby tissues.

Plantar warts

Plantar warts are located on feet. They seem to form the terminals of high growths that can cause pain during walking.

The plantar wart

Tumors of this type often disappear by themselves, but especially in the pediatric age group. Plantar warts can be confused with calluses, which, unlike papillomas have a smooth surface.

Juvenile warts

Papilloma juvenile type rarely occur. They get sick of their preschool children. The infection occurs during natural childbirth, if the mother in the genital area are genital warts. The child papilloma virus can appear on the oral mucosa, hitting the vocal cords, and cause disorders of the respiratory function. To avoid these negative effects it is advisable to perform the surgical treatment immediately after the detection of juvenile warts.

Such a rare mind papillomas refer the warts Lewandowski-Lucca. Ill young children and adolescents. On the hands and feet of the child appear dark brown papilloma virus. They can be malignant, if you linger with the carrying out of a surgical treatment.

Condyloma giant the buske-Levenshtein

Condyloma giant the buske-Levenshtein is carcinomatosis sexual wart, which is different than the target growth, a tendency to recur even after complete removal. The tumor destroys healthy tissue, able to escalate from here squamous cell carcinoma.

This feature requires an accurate diagnosis and urgent appeal to specialists when the first symptoms of this disease.

The clinical manifestations condyloma giant

Condyloma giant can go as in young and in old age. Often appears on the genitals. A favorite place of localization — the penis. Men suffer more than women. Giant warts refer to diseases precancerous. The lack of personal hygiene, harmful action of external factors and a reduction in immunity can accelerate the magnetization tissues.

The disease develops in the space of a few months. First on the skin appear small papilloma, prone to melting. With time form a large warts. Has various proliferation, in part, with obvious furrows. Outgrowth covered visible Cornea plots. Condyloma giant tends to hurt the underwear. The damage the tumor-perhaps in intimate relationships. Between the furrows the secret, which starts a bad smell. This creates favorable conditions for the proliferation of infectious pathogens and training purulent detachable.

Condyloma giant

Condyloma giant appears most often on the head of the penis or in the coronary sulcus. In women papillomaviruses are localized in the genital area, lips, and organs of the urinary system. The tumor grows slowly, but it is deeply located in the tissue, which can cause reproductive violations in the future. But the most feared complication is the development of from here squamous cell carcinoma.

The examination for the giant warts

If you suspect warts in the genital area, it is necessary to turn to venereal diseases. The specialist will prescribe the PCR-diagnose specific strains of HPV. Giant condyloma is necessary to differentiate from the of secondary syphilis. Be sure to spend a histological examination, which allows to exclude the malocclusion malignant.

Treatment giant papilloma

Giant warts in the genital area, remove the scalpel. It is extremely important to as soon as possible to do the operation for the prevention of oncopathology. It is also recommended to keep cryotherapy to reduce to a minimum the risk of worsening malignancies in the future.

The surgical techniques of treatment combined with antiviral and immune stimulating ways. Experts believe that it is necessary to take the interferons in and locally. This will improve the overall efficiency of the therapeutic process.

The main treatment guidelines

The scheme of treatment of warts men and women choose a specialist individually. If it detects a human papilloma virus before the onset of clinical manifestations, it is prescribed cytostatics. This allows you to prevent the activation of HPV in the course of the next few years. The asymptomatic infection by human papillomavirus is no reason to refuse treatment. Recommended even in the absence of clinical manifestations regularly to make the diagnosis and to use a contraceptive barrier, to alert the infection to sexual partners.

The classic version fight with papillomas on all areas of the body and the genitalia is not a surgical intervention. Today, experts suggest that minimally invasive techniques, including laser coagulation. Safe ways to remove warts solve the problem of growths, benign, caused the activation available in the body of the virus particles.

With a small malignancy can be the application of chemical methods of degradation. A single application of aggressive formulations on the skin, papillomatous protuberances leads to irreversible consequences and the destruction of the tumors.

But the removal of warts completely does not solve the problem of hpv infection. It is important to act on the virus itself, which is located inside of the body. Stopping the growth of the pathological tissues is possible with the help of antiviral drugs. The tool suppresses a further increase of the population of the pathogen and has a stimulating effect on the immune system.

Immune stimulation

The immunity when you see the papillomas often weakened. This is one of the hallmarks of hpv infection. HPV inhibits the activity of protecting the cells, which even more causes hyperplasia superficial layers of the skin.

Complete treatment of the papillomas involves the application of an immunostimulant drug. Often also have anti-inflammatory and antiviral activity. The combined action of the funds as a once and allows you to reach a higher activity of the treatment and to reduce the number of relapses of disease per year.

Immune stimulation

Immunomodulatory when the infection from human papillomavirus must appoint a qualified technician, which incorporates a pattern of individual drug therapy. Between Immunostimulants in the first place should be the preparations interferonum, which may have a variety of formulations, including vaginal candles.

Interferonum in the form of gel and ointments effective in the early stages of growth of papillomas. If neoplasms and are intensely merge with one another, the means are not you can do it. It is necessary to perform a complex systemic therapy, which includes the acquisition of the interferon in the form of tablets or injection.

Plant immunostimulants

The advantage of plant immunostimulant of funds is the ease. But you get a quick boost the immune system with their help, will not succeed. Plant medicines have the effect. The common immune stimulating activity natural remedy composition is echinacea. On the basis of this plant are made the various drugs that are used in the course of a few months.

The detection of even a few papillomas is a sign of concern. You can talk about weakening the natural defenses of the body. You need to pay attention in the first place, the state of immunity. Strengthen its also possible with the help of correction of the diet. Use the products, they should contain a rich number of vitamins and minerals, organic acids and antioxidants. For the strength of immunity is useful to use the bee products, ginseng, rose hips, fresh vegetables and fruit.

Therapy minimally invasive surgical

Minimally invasive techniques in removal of warts and enjoys great popularity, especially due to the cosmetic effect. The use of modern methods can get rid of tumors of the small and medium-sized almost without the shedding of blood. Rapid healing of tissues do not leave scars and other noticeable defects in appearance.

Removal of warts

But despite the high efficiency, modern surgical ways to get rid of papillomatous protuberances have some limitations and contraindications:

  • the presence of malignant tumors;
  • the aggressive growth papillomas and viral warts;
  • the accession secondary infection, the appearance of the signs of an inflammatory process;
  • the presence of herpes;
  • aggravation of any somatic diseases and infectious processes;
  • pregnancy.

Contraindications to the use of minimally invasive surgical techniques detected during the preparatory phase, when the experts pass complete laboratory tests, advice of experienced professionals.

When it is worth to remove warts

Papilloma virus, you can remove it without complaints for the state, even if the tumor is small and is not a health hazard. Skin cytoplasmic is a defect, from which many want to get rid of.

The main indications for the removal of warts:

  • the location of the neoplasms in this place, where they are often damaged and inflamed under the action of external factors, adverse (temperature changes, high humidity, the friction of articles of clothing);
  • strong growth of papillomatous growths on the skin, or in the field of the genital mucous membranes, of the mouth;
  • the violation of the functionality of the healthy tissue as a result of the growth of papillomas;
  • risk of high degree of malignancy, detection of potentially dangerous strains of HPV;
  • planning a pregnancy, during which occurs an alteration in the hormonal of the body, to promote the rapid growth of the benign tumors and malignant tumors.

If your doctor recommends that you get rid of warts worth to listen to his opinion. Each year the number of tumours is increasing, and this is worrying. Better to remove a benign tumor in time, because none of the doctors can't exactly say that with the time papilloma virus do not turn into cancers.

Laser coagulation

With the laser you can delete papilloma on all areas of the body, on the face and in the genital area. The method offers the maximum efficiency and safety. The laser in the layers vaporizes the abnormal cells, leaving bleeding blood vessels. After uninstalling you see a small crust that will be rejected gradually in the next few weeks.

Scarless healing is the main advantage of the application of this method. Many refuse surgical treatment only for the fact that they are afraid to damage the appearance of the skin in the open areas of the body and face. Papilloma virus tend to relapse, advise that is possible with the help of antiviral agents immunocorrection drugs.


The freezing papillomas and low temperature of liquid nitrogen is not inferior to the popularity of the method of laser coagulation.


The active tool applied on neoplasms with the aid of the applicator. Due to immediate freezing, rare tumor, landed, but then occurs redness with a small swelling. The plot is covered by a dense crust, which begins the healing process. Nekrotizirovannye plots gradually replaced by healthy tissue. With this, the skin scars on the change.


Removing warts with the use of electric current is available and proven method of surgical treatment. The electrocoagulator not only removes the tumor, but also seals the blood vessels and capillaries, sensing the flow of blood from the damaged vascular walls. Electrocoagulation it is recommended to combine with an immune stimulant and treatment with antivirals.

Radiowave treatment

The radio waves to assure the removal of benign tumors, tumors with a minimum of injury. During the procedure used radionozh coagulates the blood vessels. In combination with the antiviral therapy method gives effective results. Immunostimulatory drugs prescribed with frequent relapses papillomas and a general weakening of the body.

The use of cytotoxic drug

The drug, which is often used for the removal of warts in women and men. The tool contains a complex of acids. The structure also includes nitrate of copper, which dries the fabric to the genital warts, warts, warts.

The tool allows painless to remove small neoplasms. The drug is not suitable for the treatment of large warts and condylomata. After the application of the tools cancer dries. If papilloma unit, it is sufficient to have only one use. When multiple papillomatous processes you need to do a couple of applications. A break between treatments should be no less than one week. Gradually the fabric malignancies is covered by a thick crust that disappears after a few days.

The treaty papilloma

The recovery of the treated areas occurs quickly. Scars on the skin does not remain. Great acuminata and papilloma gradually reduced in size, but will usually get their complete disappearance is only with the help of a medication is not possible.

The final destruction of viruses of the papilloma impossible. The treatment is aimed in the first place available from the main signs of the disease and warning of recurrence in the future. Removal of neoplasms does not preclude the transmission of HPV contacts, which often already have human papillomavirus infection in its latent form. The biggest danger papilloma are for people with bad heritage, when between relatives, there are cases of development of cancer of the neck of the uterus, and other malignancies.

It is important to pay attention to the prevention of re-emergence of the warts. It necessarily involves the periodic use of interferons in the background measured style of life. It is recommended that you give up casual intimate relationships, use a barrier method of contraception, which protect against infection with human papillomavirus, and his form more aggressive — genital warts. The girls and women up to 45 years, it is possible to make the vaccination. The vaccinations are available in almost all the regions. In many areas they do today, completely free of charge. Vaccination can start from 9 years.